It is provided to the exporter when they ask for a certain amount of payment for arranging various necessary things such as raw materials. This finance is needed for processing raw material into finished goods. Once the processing is done they have to be stored at relevant places and for that some cost has to be paid. Also for packing and shipment of goods to the port finance is needed. Exporter can apply for this finance once order is confirmed by the buyer and its proof have to be shown in the finance institution for further processing. It is granted for 180 days. If some kind of uncertainty occurs then this can be extended to 90 days. Maximum allowable period is 270 days.
Once the shipment of goods towards importer is done the exporter is supposed to make bill that has to be paid by the importer. It’s a lengthy process and takes almost 3 to 6 months to receive the payment from the importer and meanwhile production of exporter can get affected. So to avoid this exporter presents this bill in the finance institution which will pay for the wages and other services such as shipping charges. Post shipment credit is basically to help the exporter financially till payment from importer is received. So the production and others work keeps on going.
The finance can be obtained by the supplier/exporter on the basis of bills of purchase made by the importer. If in case any default occurs, the finance institution has to compensate almost 80% of the default amount. It can be considered as post shipment finance.
If uncertain circumstances occur then there is an unexpected rise in expenditure that might be due to national and international changes, the government has to provide allowances or subsidies for export of commodities that too at reduced price to the importer.
In order to decide how to source export finance, first you have to identify exactly why you need these export finance funds. There are a number of reasons why as a trader you may need investments:To set up a new Export Business
Financial support is required for building a new export business. Whether you are planning to acquire an existing businesses such as manufacturing units, or to modernize your business units, or you are planning to expand and improve your existing plants and equipment so that you can effectively target the international market, funds and financing requirements will always have to be taken into consideration.For Business Expansion
For the actual growth and expansion of your export business you will require access to some additional funds, for which you might need to arrange for large-scale finance.For Working Capital
Daily business operations along with business development usually constitute of biggest requirements for finance, also termed as working capital. In order to grow and accept new business, there exists need to funds for accommodating the importer’s/buyer’s credit period, which can be accessible using some loan products such as pre shipment finance. In addition, working capital is also required for arranging inventory at times. Having access to enough cash or funds can enable you to compete in the international trade market.
In trade finance between a buyer and a seller, after the shipment of goods, the seller raises an invoice to receive payment from the buyer. However, since the seller might not get his payments for up to 180 days post raising the invoice, through export factoring, the seller has the option to sell the invoice to a financier – or factor – and receive the payment instantly. Export factoring refers to the financial process, which includes purchase, funding, management and collection of short term accounts receivable based on goods and services provided to foreign buyers. It is a complete financial conglomeration encompassing credit protection, export working capital financing, foreign accounts receivable bookkeeping and collection services.Invoice factoring
Invoice factoring, also referred to as factoring or debt factoring, is a type of debtor finance where a business sells its accounts receivable – or invoice – to a third party (called a factor) at a discount. In this type of financial transaction, the factoring company usually pays out two installments for an invoice – an advance of 80 per cent of the invoice in the first installment and the remaining 20 per cent, excluding the fees included, after the entire amount of the invoice is paid. In other words, through invoice factoring, the factoring company buys an invoice from a business for a percentage of the entire value and takes responsibility of collecting the payment for the invoice. Businesses usually consider invoice factoring to meet its immediate cash needs or to reduce credit risk.Cash in advance
Cash advance – a type of trade finance based on trust – is an advance payment of funds before the shipment of goods, to help the exporter in manufacturing and production of goods following an order. Such methods of payments are used to do away with the seller’s credit risk or risk of non-payment and are mostly opted in transactions in which there is a delay between the sales agreement and the sales delivery. However, though being beneficial to the seller, cash in advance payment enhances risks for the buyer, in cases where the seller is not highly credible. The most common use of cash in advance is witnessed in online marketplaces and international trade.Open account
Open account is a payment term in which an exporter ships and delivers the goods to the importer and also allows the availability of documents controlling possession rights to the goods, even before the payment from the importer is due. The importer or the buyer, instead, promises to extend the payment to the exporter or seller within a predetermined number of days. The open account payments are at risks to the sellers and due to the increasing competition in the export market, exporters reluctant to extend credits are open to losing their sales to their competitors. However, buyers often accommodate the comfort levels of the sellers through standby letters of credit in favor of sellers.Documentary collections
The documentary collection refers to the financial transaction in which the exporters receive payment for shipped goods in exchange of shipping documents channeled through their respective banks. In such methods of transactions, the exporter’s bank acts as the collection agent and collects funds from the importers bank by sending documents of the goods being shipped to the importer by the exporter. Documentary collection can be of two types based on when the payment is made. In case of documents against payment, importers pay the face amount of the draft at sight and in document against acceptance, importers makes payment on a specified date in the future.Letter of credit
A Letter of Credit (LC) or the Credit Letter is a letter issued by financial institutions – like banks – to guarantee on time payment of the correct amount from the buyer to the seller; and in cases where the buyer fails to make the payment of the purchase on time, the bank stands liable to pay the entire or the remaining amount of the purchase. Letter of credit becomes a key option of financial transaction in international trade due to several factors like distance, differing laws in each country, and difficulty in knowing each party. The bank issuing the letter of credit usually charges the beneficiary with a service fee, which is usually a percentage of the total size of the credit.
The financial support required by an export business for purchasing, processing, manufacturing, packing and exporting of goods to overseas countries refers to as the export finance. One of the major advantages of export finance is that it is a relatively easy way to avail necessary short term finance and helps the business to focus on its steady growth with uninterrupted cash flow. Through export finance exporters are benefitted as they receive payments upon shipment or commissioning and need not tie up any asset. For importers, it acts like a long-term financing to match expected revenues with expenditures; thereby maintaining steady cash flow.
1. what is meant by pre-shipment finance?
Pre-shipment finance is the finance required by an exporter before the shipment of goods. Pre-shipment finance provides the exporter with working capital required for funding of wages, production cost, buying raw materials, processing and converting into finished goods and packaging. Pre- shipment finance is extended under the concessional rates of interest at 7.5 per cent, to a maximum period of six months.
2. What does post shipment finance mean?
Post-shipment finance refers to the finance extended after the shipment of goods. In this type of export finance, the financer advances the payment, post shipment, to gain liquidity between shipping the goods and receiving payment. It mostly bridges the gap between the date of extending the credits after the shipment of goods to the date of realization of the export proceeds. Post-shipment finance is extended under the concessional rates of interest at 8.65 per cent, to a maximum period of six months.
3. Why post shipment credit is required?
In order to accomplish a number of tasks and other orders an export requires certain amount of money which gets fulfilled by post shipment credit. It is important to maintain the workflow within the organization.
4. How does export finance work?
Export finance provides a way for businesses in order to release working capital, specially from overseas transactions which may remain tied up within the invoices for a much longer period of time. Export finance is very specifically tailored to cope up with the overall financial demands of business companies who are involved in International trade. Know More.Difference between invoice factoring and discounting
5. What are the sources of export finance?
Commercial Banks Export Intermediaries Multilateral Development Banks(MDBs) State and Local Export Finance Programs Government Assistance Programs
6. What are the four different methods of export financing?
Export Development and Working Capital Financing Facilities Development Financing Financing for your International Buyers Investment Project Financing
7. What are the export payment terms?
The aticles explains you about the featuers of export finance and how to avail the export finance facility. if further explainf about the different types of export finance such as pre export or pre shipment finance and post shipment finance. please feel free to ask questions from our experts if you have more quesries related to our export finance / post shipment finance services.