In year 2010, the two main categories of Incoterms were updated and were organized by transport modes. These were supposed to be used in international and domestic contracts for the first time, the new groups precisely aimed to simplify the drafting of contracts along with the clear specification of obligations of importers and exporters:
Group 1 : these Incoterms apply over the mode of transport
Group 2 :These Incoterms apply only on sea and inland waterway transport
Most of the B2B ecommerce agreements make use of EXW, CPT, or CIF; most of the business-to-consumer (B2C) transactions make use of CPT or CIF (and sometimes DDP). Excluding for DDP, all other mentioned Incoterms require the importer to pay all related tariffs and taxes upon arrival. To make sense and know how these Incoterms actually relate with your trade business, you should take the time to understand their usage.
Why the Incoterms 2000 were revised?
Incoterms 2010 can be seen as the updated version of Incoterms 2000. Incoterms 2010 were developed because of a considerable review of current shipping practices as well as trends and to cope up with the rapid expansion of international trade. The key drivers for the Incoterms 2010 include: a need for enhanced cargo security, changes in the Uniform Commercial Code in 2004 which resulted in a deletion of a few shipment and delivery terms, and resulted in addition of new trends for global transportation.
Can you still use the Incoterms 2000?
As per the International Chamber of Commerce, all contracts which were made under Incoterms 2000 will remain valid even after 2011. Adding on, ICC recommends using Incoterms 2010 from January 2011 onwards, parties involved in trade contracts can agree to use any version of Incoterms after 2011 which they find much relevant for them. However, it is necessary to specify clearly the chosen version of Incoterms (i.e. Incoterms 2010, Incoterms 2000, or any earlier version).