Mineral Products are the foundation of industries ranging from construction for manufacturing, agriculture, technology and for cosmetics. It is natural occurring substance that is solid and represented by a chemical formula. Mineral is used in reference to many inorganic chemicals that need to grow, repair and carry out other body processes. For human body mineral products include iron, calcium, copper, sulphur, phosphorus and many others.
Mineral word is also used in geology. In mining process, anything which is obtained by earth used by a man is referred to as a mineral material. This mineral material includes crushed stones which are made from crushed rocks, lime, which a manufactured product is made from limestone.
Natural Occurring: Natural occurring refers those products which are obtained by nature not made by the people. Steel is not a mineral because it is an alloy produced by people.
Inorganic: It means that the substance is not made by an organism. Examples of inorganic are wood and pearls, made by organisms, so they are not minerals.
Solid: These products are not liquid or a gas at a standard temperature and pressure.
Definite Chemical Composition: It means that all the minerals that vary within a specific limited range have chemical composition. As an example the mineral halite has a chemical composition of NaCl. It is made up of an equal number of atoms of sodium and chlorine.
Ordered Internal Structure: Order of internal structure means that the atoms in a mineral are arranged in a systematic repeating pattern. As an example Halite is composed of an equal ratio of sodium and chlorine atoms arranged in a cubic pattern.
There are around 4000 various minerals and each of those has a unique set of physical properties include color, hardness, luster, magnetism, solubility and many more. These properties are very useful for identifying minerals. For Example: