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  • Tin is a chemical element with the symbol Sn and atomic number 50. It is a main group metal in group 14 of the periodic table.
  • In terms of production volume, tin is the smallest in the base metals. Cassiterite (SnO2) is the most important mineral ore of tin.
  • The small size of the market can mean tin faces liquidity issues at times, which can lead to increased volatility and some sharp and extended price moves.


  • The main use of tin in plating and in the manufacturing of chemical compounds which are used in different variety.
  • Tin is also used for coated purposes because tin-coated steel cans are more robust than aluminium cans which has advantage for tin foods.


  • Indonesia is the largest exporter of this metal and China is the largest producer and consumer in all over the world.
  • Indonesia behaves like a protector of tin in the market because it is slow down exports, when tin prices fall below marginal costs of production.
  • The exchange of London metal is the major referral market for future trading in tin.

Global Scenario

  • The total production in all over the world is between 2.4 to 3.1 lakh tons. In 2001, it was estimated at 2.49 lakh tons.
  • The demand is estimated to be above the supply in all over the world.

Indian Scenario

  • The market size of tin plate packaging is estimated to be around 3,00,000 tons. In India, tin plate is mainly used for packaging in three categories: edible oil & cashew, processed food and non-food. Tinplate packaging is picking up in the country.
  • Tin production in India is about 10 tons.
  • It is estimated that India imports around 4000 tons of tin and alloys. In fact, India meets most of the requirements through imports.