The history of sulphur can be said very old as it was mentioned in holy Bible with the name Brimstone which means "burning stone". Also Homer in his poem- Odyssey, said- "Bring me Sulphur, which cleanses all pollution, and fetch fire also that I may burn it, and purify the cloisters"
The Greek name of sulphur is ???? which is derived from ????. It means "devinity". Well word Sulpur word was mainly taken from Sanskrit "Shulbari". It was started being called sulphur in late classical Latin. The spelling usually found in most Latin dictionaries is "sulphur". English word was taken from Latin. Later the word "sulphur" was accepted by the American Chemical Society. Currently word- "sulphur" is generally used in United States but still "Sulphur" is being used at some places. Except America, word "sulphur" is used in all countries.
Sulphur was well known by the people in the very ancient time in its pure form as well as its compounds. Following are some historical facts of sulphur-
In c. 40-90 AD, sulphur was used in medicine. Pedanius Dioscorides who was a Greek physician and pharmacologist introduced the various application of sulphur in medical science.
Sulphur vapor was used for bleaching clothes, manufacturing of matches and lamp-wicks, in Roman countries.
sulphur was introduced as the basic element of all metals, by Abu Musa Jabir Ibn Hayyan who was a Arabian great chemist of the time period (c. 721-815). It improved the value of sulphur in Arab and other countries.
Sulphur was known for its use in manufacturing gunpowder in 1500. Georgius Agricola of Chemnitz (1494-1555) mentioned its use in his De re metallica which was written in 1556.
In 1241, F.R. Bacon discovered the application of sulphur in black gunpowder.
sulphur was introduced as elementary substance in 1772 by Antoine Lavoisier. It was added in the list of elements in 1809.
The well known sulphur producing process- Fresh process was invented by Herman Frasch who was a German-born American chemist, in 1800. This process include injecting of hot water and air in sulphur deposits in order to melt the sulphur and bring it to the surface.
Sulphur has bright, yellow appearance and its produced in caprock salt domes. Sulphur can't transfer heat very well as it has very low thermal conductivity. It has melting point of 108 °C. It's burned with blue flame. By combining with oxygen it produces sulphur dioxide. sulphur created many sulfide ore by adding with metal ions. Some of them are pyrite/iron sulfide, zinc sulfide etc.